TermDefinition
CheckmateAn attack against the opponent's King which the King cannot escape....
Clearance sacrificeA move that sacrifices an obstructing piece to make way for a strong or better move....
CombinationA series of moves or a tactical exploitation. ...
DevelopmentThe process of moving pieces from their starting positions to new posts, from which they control a greater number of squares....
DiagonalA row of squares running obliquely across the board rather than files and ranks. ...
Discovered attackA player, by moving a piece, uncovers an attack on an opponent's piece....
Discovered checkA player, by moving a piece, uncovers an attack on the opponent's King....
Double attackAn attack against two pieces at the same time....
Double checkA powerful type of discovered attack, which checks the King with two pieces. ...
Double PawnsTwo Pawns of the same colour lined up on a file. ...
Double RooksTwo Rooks of the same colour positioned on the same file or rank....
DrawA tied game. A result in a game of Chess, when neither side wins or loses. ...
Elo ratingThe system by which players are rated. Invented by Professor Arpad Elo and adopted by FIDE....
En passantA special Pawn capture. French for „in passing”....
En priseFrench for "in a position to be taken". ...
EndgameAlso called the ending. This is the third and final state of the game after the opening and middlegame....
Exchange1. The trading of a piece for an enemy piece, usually pieces of equal value. 2. Unequal trade of a Rook for a Bishop or Knight. ...
Family checkKnight fork which includes an attack on the King and several other Pieces....
FianchettoAn Italian term that means "on the flank" and applies to the Bishops. ...
FIDEInternational Chess Federation (French, Federation Internationale Des Echecs.)...
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